Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in the early diagnosis of vitreoretinal interface syndrome

Monica Varano, Bernardo Billi, Cecilia Scassa, Tommaso Rossi, Mario Stirpe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate if and to what extent scanning laser ophthalmoscopy can help in the early diagnosis and follow-up management of the vitreoretinal interface syndrome, which includes disorders such as cellophane maculopathy, pseudomacular hole, macular pucker, and macular hole. Methods: The 35 fellow eyes of 35 patients with vitreoretinal interface syndromes in the first eye underwent scanning laser ophthalmoscopy microperimetry and argon, heliumneon, and infrared scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. Fellow eyes were defined as clinically positive or negative for vitreoretinal interface syndrome. Fellow eyes then were classified based on scanning laser ophthalmoscopy techniques. Patients were observed for an average of 18 months (range, 10-26 months). Results: Thirty- two of the 35 fellow eyes were classified as clinically negative, and three of the 35 were classified as clinically positive. Fifteen of the 32 clinically negative fellow eyes were redefined as positive on scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. None of the clinically positive eyes proved to be negative on scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. During the average follow-up period (18 months), the condition of five of 18 fellow eyes that were positive on scanning laser ophthalmoscopy worsened. None of the 17 eyes that were negative on scanning laser ophthalmoscopy worsened. Conclusion: Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy can produce beautifully clear images of structures that are otherwise difficult to see and document, such as posterior hyaloid and the inner retinal layers. Despite a relatively limited number of cases and the short duration of the follow-up period, the present study suggests that scanning laser ophthalmoscopy has good sensitivity and specificity for the early diagnosis of vitreoretinal interface syndromes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalRetina
Volume17
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Cellophane maculopathy
  • Macular hole
  • Pseudomacular hole
  • Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
  • Vitreoretinal interface syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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