Schwann cell undergoes apoptosis during experimental allergic neuritis (EAN)

Giancarlo Conti, Elio Scarpini, Abdolmohammad Rostami, Livraghi Simona Livraghi, Pier Luigi Baron, David Pleasure, Guglielmo Scarlato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Schwann cell apoptosis is not detectable in the normal mature mammalian peripheral nervous system (PNS). However during PNS cell-mediated demyelination, apoptosis contributes to the elimination of endoneurial T- lymphocytes. We report here that approximately 10% of Schwann cells die by apoptosis during the early phases of recovery from experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) in the adult rat, a model for the Guillain-Barre syndrome. Schwann cell apoptosis, follows endoneurial T-cell clearance, and is prominent in the nerve roots, the site of most severe segmental demyelination, but is rare in the more distal regions of the PNS, where Wallerian degeneration predominates. Further immunological analysis showed that the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) is expressed in 2% of both apoptotic and non apoptotic Schwann cells, while Ki-67, a marker of cell proliferation, is expressed in 20% of apoptotic and in 1% of non apoptotic Schwann cells. Our new observations indicate that apoptosis during cell- mediated demyelination can be a phenomenon related either to the development or the recovery of autoimmune cell mediated inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 26 1998

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Axonal degeneration
  • Demyelination
  • Experimental allergic neuritis
  • Peripheral nerve
  • Schwann cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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  • Cite this

    Conti, G., Scarpini, E., Rostami, A., Simona Livraghi, L., Luigi Baron, P., Pleasure, D., & Scarlato, G. (1998). Schwann cell undergoes apoptosis during experimental allergic neuritis (EAN). Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 161(1), 29-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-510X(98)00260-3