Purpose: To investigate the scleral and conjunctival features in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) undergoing scleral buckling (SB), using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). Methods: Twenty RRD eyes were consecutively enrolled. AS-OCT was performed at RRD diagnosis (RRD-D) and day 1, week 1, month 1 and month 6 after SB to evaluate the sclera, in the affected and unaffected quadrants (AQ, UQ). IVCM was performed at RRD-D, and at month 1 and month 6, to evaluate the conjunctiva in AQ and UQ. The main outcomes were as follows: mean intra-scleral hypo-reflective spaces area (MIHSA) at AS-OCT; mean density and area of microcysts (MMD, MMA) at IVCM; and intra-ocular pressure (IOP). The relations between MIHSA, MMA, MMD and IOP were evaluated. Results: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment- diagnosis (RRD-D) overall-mean intra-scleral hypo-reflective spaces (MISHA), -MMD and -MMA were significantly higher in affected eye (AE) compared with UE (p < 0.05) and in AQ compared with UQ (p < 0.05). After SB, overall-, AQ- and UQ-MISHA further increased (p < 0.05), whereas overall-MMD and -MMA did not change. At all follow-up, AQ and UQ parameters did not show significant differences between them. RRD-D IOP was 14.3 ± 2.8 and 15.5 ± 2.7 mmHg in the AE and UE, respectively (p < 0.05). After SB, week-1, month-1 and -6 IOP was significantly lower than RRD-D (p < 0.05). Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment- diagnosis (RRD-D), 1- and 6-month overall and AQ-MISHA and AQ-MMD negatively correlated with IOP (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and SB induced scleral and conjunctival changes that suggested an activation of fluid outflow through the entire unconventional aqueous humour pathway; these modifications may in part account for the relative hypotony after RRD and SB.
- anterior segment optical coherence tomography
- in vivo confocal microscopy
- intra-ocular pressure
- rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
- scleral buckling
- unconventional aqueous humour outflow
ASJC Scopus subject areas