Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms and associated risk factors in a general population

G. Simoni, C. Pastorino, R. Perrone, A. Ardia, R. Gianrossi, F. Decian, G. Cittadini, A. Baiardi, V. Bachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in a general population and to compare the results with those of similar studies in other countries. Design: Ultrasound screening study and collection of clinical and biochemical data. Setting: An urban Health Service District in Genoa, Italy. Materials: A general population, aged 65-75 years, invited by personal letter between 1991-1994. Results: 1601 subjects (741 males and 860 females) out of 2734 invited (58.5%) were evaluated. According to the ultrasound findings, 27 patients (1.7%) had an aortic dilatation of 26-29 mm; an AAA of 30-39 mm was found in 37 (2.3%) and an AAA ≥ 40 mm in 33 (2.1%). The overall prevalence for AAA was 4.4% (8.8% in males and 0.6% in females respectively). The prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and arterial disease were significantly higher in patients with AAA (p <0.01). Conclusions: Ultrasound screening for AAA is a reliable and useful method and should be focused on men, regardless of concurrent disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-210
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Risk factors
  • Ultrasound screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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