Screening for SH3TC2 gene mutations in a series of demyelinating recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT4)

Giuseppe Piscosquito, Paola Saveri, Stefania Magri, Claudia Ciano, Claudia Gandioli, Michela Morbin, Daniela D. Bella, Isabella Moroni, Franco Taroni, Davide Pareyson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4C (CMT4C) is an autosomal recessive (AR) demyelinating neuropathy associated to SH3TC2 mutations, characterized by early onset, spine deformities, and cranial nerve involvement. We screened 43 CMT4 patients (36 index cases) with AR inheritance, demyelinating nerve conductions, and negative testing for PMP22 duplication, GJB1 and MPZ mutations, for SH3TC2 mutations. Twelve patients (11 index cases) had CMT4C as they carried homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in SH3TC2. We found six mutations: three nonsense (p.R1109*, p.R954*, p.Q892*), one splice site (c.805+2T>C), one synonymous variant (p.K93K) predicting altered splicing, and one frameshift (p.F491Lfs*32) mutation. The splice site and the frameshift mutations are novel. Mean onset age was 7 years (range: 1–14). Neuropathy was moderate-to-severe. Scoliosis was present in 11 patients (severe in 4), and cranial nerve deficits in 9 (hearing loss in 7). Scoliosis and cranial nerve involvement are frequent features of this CMT4 subtype, and their presence should prompt the clinician to look for SH3TC2 gene mutations. In our series of undiagnosed CMT4 patients, SH3TC2 mutation frequency is 30%, confirming that CMT4C may be the most common AR-CMT type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Peripheral Nervous System
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
  • CMT type 4C
  • hereditary motor sensory neuropathy
  • recessive demyelinating CMT
  • SH3TC2 gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Screening for SH3TC2 gene mutations in a series of demyelinating recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT4)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this