Purpose: The authors compared multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in the identification of pancreaticoduodenal endocrine tumours (PETs) in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1). Materials and methods: Fourteen consecutive patients (eight men and six women, aged 26-54 years) with MEN 1 underwent MDCT performed with a 4- (n=5) or 64- (n=9) detector-row system and EUS done with a radial transducer (7.5-20 MHz) within 7-28 days of each other. Prior to MDCT examination, patients were given 750 cc of water and asked to lie down in the right lateral decubitus for 15 min. Multiphase MDCT images were acquired both before and after the injection of nonionic iodinated contrast material (2 cc/kg) at an injection rate of 4 ml/s, with technical parameters and scan delay varying in relation to the system used. Images were all reconstructed at 3-mm intervals for the three phases (arterial, pancreatic and portal) and evaluated on a dedicated workstation. Results: MDCT detected a total of 25 PETs (3-18 mm) in nine patients. Of these lesions, nine were situated within the duodenal wall and 16 in either the pancreatic head (n=3), body (n=7), or tail (n=6). Three additional lesions were detected retrospectively after EUS imaging. Most (18/22, 81%) were hypervascular nodules, and four appeared as either hypoattenuating or cystic lesions. EUS detected a total of 32 PETs (2-18 mm) in 11 patients. Most lesions (29/32, 90%) appeared hypoechoic and were situated in the duodenal wall (n=15) or in either the pancreatic head (n=10), body (n=6) or tail (n=1). Conclusions: Our preliminary data indicate that MDCT is complementary to EUS in the identification of PETs in MEN-1 patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||Screening of pancreaticoduodenal endocrine tumours in patients with MEN 1: Multidetector-row computed tomography vs. endoscopic ultrasound|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging