Screening tools for hereditary hemolytic anemia: new concepts and strategies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Hereditary hemolytic anemias are a group of rare and heterogeneous disorders due to abnormalities in structure, metabolism, and transport functions of erythrocytes; they may overlap in clinical and hematological features making differential diagnosis difficult, particularly in mild and atypical forms. Areas covered: In the present review, the main tools currently adopted in routine hematologic investigation for the diagnosis of hereditary hemolytic anemias are described, together with the new diagnostic approaches that are being to be developed in the next future. Available recommendations in this field together with a systematic review through MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMED for publications in English from 2000 to 2020 in regards to diagnostic aspects of hereditary hemolytic anemias have been considered. Expert opinion: The recent development of specific molecules and treatments for hereditary hemolytic anemias and the increased interest in translational research raised the attention on differential diagnosis and the demand for novel diagnostic assays and devices. Automatic blood cell analyzers, omic-approaches including NGS technologies, and development of new automated tools based on artificial neural networks definitely represent the future strategies in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-292
Number of pages12
JournalExpert Review of Hematology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • diagnosis
  • functional tests
  • Hereditary hemolytic anemia
  • next generation sequencing
  • red blood cells
  • screening tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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