Sebaceous nevus (SN) syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by a distinctive skin lesion in association with epilepsy and mental retardation. In one group of patients, brain lesions may be consequent to vascular abnormalities ('vascular variant'); another group of SN patients presents ipsilateral hemimegalencephaly, gyral anomalies, and facial hemihypertrophy ('neurologic variant' or 'SN with hemimegalencephaly'). In the latter group, facial hemihypertrophy does not appear to be a constant feature and was not present in our 2 SN patients with hemimegalencephaly. Considering that about half of the SN patients with hemimegalencephaly described so far do not have facial asymmetry, we suggest the existence of a separate subgroup of SN patients with hemimcgalencephaly and without facial hemihypertrophy. In these patients, the only clinical diagnostic clue is a nevus that is barely visible until puberty.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience