Second harmonic imaging improves sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease

Fabiola B. Sozzi, Don Poldermans, Jeroen J. Bax, Eric Boersma, Wim B. Vletter, Abdou Elhendy, Alberico Borghetti, Jos R T C Roelandt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Our purpose was to assess the value of second harmonic imaging compared with fundamental imaging for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease during dobutamine stress echocardiography. Patients and Methods: Sixty-four patients underwent dobutamine stress echocardiography with both fundamental imaging and second harmonic imaging. Coronary angiography was performed within 3 months. Ischemia was defined as new or worsening wall motion abnormalities in ≤1 segment during dobutamine stress echocardiography. Coronary artery disease was defined as a ≤70% luminal diameter stenosis in ≤1 coronary artery by coronary angiography. Results: There was a higher prevalence of segments with invisible border with fundamental compared with second harmonic imaging both at rest (11% vs 8%, P <.05) and at peak stress (17% vs 10%, P <.001). Significant coronary artery disease was present in 49 (77%) patients. The sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography for detection of coronary artery disease by fundamental and second harmonic imaging was, respectively, 78% and 94% (P <.05), whereas specificity was similar (73% vs 73%). Second harmonic imaging had a particularly higher sensitivity for the diagnosis of 1-vessel disease (93% vs 50%, P <.05). Conclusion: The use of second harmonic imaging improves the sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease compared with fundamental imaging, particularly for 1-vessel coronary artery disease, whereas specificity remains unchanged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Sozzi, F. B., Poldermans, D., Bax, J. J., Boersma, E., Vletter, W. B., Elhendy, A., Borghetti, A., & Roelandt, J. R. T. C. (2001). Second harmonic imaging improves sensitivity of dobutamine stress echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. American Heart Journal, 142(1), 153-159. https://doi.org/10.1067/mhj.2001.116075