Second medical opinion in oncological setting

Marco Maruzzo, Nicla La Verde, Antonio Russo, Paolo Marchetti, Simone Scagnoli, Ornella Gonzato, Massimo Di Maio, Vittorina Zagonel, Antonio Galvano, Gaetano Lanzetta, Francesco Perrone, Giordano Beretta, Roberto Bordonaro, Alessandro Comandone, Saverio Cinieri, Fabrizio Nicolis, Stefania Gori

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Oncological patients increasingly require second medical opinions to feel more likely confident with their oncologists and treatments, although this could lead to wrong opinions and delay in the start of treatments. Second opinions can be required also by physicians to obtain advices, especially in case of rare tumors. The request of new opinions is documented in radiology and pathology settings too, with not negligible discrepancy rate. Conversely, the role in general medical/surgical conditions has not been well established. Literature is poor of studies relative to second opinions or they are more focused on patient's motivations. For these reasons, AIOM (Italian Association of Medical Oncology) and AIOM Foundation faced this topic during the 7th Annual Meeting on Ethics in Oncology (Ragusa, 4–5 t h May 2018). In this position paper we report reasons, limits, advantages and outcomes of second medical opinion and the respective Decalogue in the oncological setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103282
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • AIOM
  • Decalogue
  • Ethics
  • Meeting
  • Second medical opinions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology


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