Secondary cytoreductive surgery, hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy, and chemotherapy alone: A retrospective comparison of alternative approaches in relapsed platinum sensitive ovarian cancer

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Abstract

Introduction: The best treatment for relapsed platinum sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is controversial. The aim of the study was to compare progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in platinum-sensitive EOC patients treated with chemotherapy alone (CTA), secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCR) or SCR plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal intraoperative chemotherapy (HIPEC). Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of the clinical outcome of 46 EOC patients with at least 30 months of follow-up. Results: Median follow-up time was 32 months for the CTA group, 30 months for the SCR group, and 45 months for the SCR + HIPEC group. Fifteen recurrences were observed in the CTA group, seven in the SCR group, and 16 in the SCR + HIPEC group. The median time elapsed between first and second recurrence (PFI-2) was significantly higher among patients treated with SCR + HIPEC, in comparison with patients treated with CTA (p = 0.012 and p = 0.017, respectively). On the contrary, PFI-2 did not significantly differ between the SCR and SCR + HIPEC groups (p = 0.877). A statistically significant difference in OS favouring SCR + HIPEC in comparison with CTA (p = 0.04) was observed. Conclusions: SCR ± HIPEC compared with CTA improves PFI-2 in patients with platinum-sensitive EOC recurrence. SCR + HIPEC might also improve OS in comparison with CTA. No improvement in favor of SCR + HIPEC vs SCR was observed,. These results further support the need of a randomized trial comparing chemotherapy with SCR ± HIPEC in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-643
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cytoreductive surgery
  • HIPEC
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Platinum based chemotherapy
  • Platinum sensitive relapse
  • Secondary cytoreduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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