The role of mutations in protease (PR) and reverse-transcriptase (RT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in predicting virologic failure was assessed in 248 antiretroviral-naive HIV-positive patients who began a PR inhibitor-containing antiretroviral regimen. Genotypic testing was performed on plasma samples stored before the start of therapy. Twenty-seven patients (10.9%) had mutations in the RT, 5 (2%) carried primary mutations in the PR, and 131 (52.8%) showed only secondary PR mutations. Virologic failure at week 24 occurred in 62 (25.0%) of 248 patients. There was a statistically significant correlation between virologic failure and the number of PR mutations (P=.04, X2 test). Mutations at codons 10 and 36 of PR (present in 39.3% and 40.0% of patients in whom treatment failed, respectively) were identified by stepwise logistic regression as the strongest predictors of virologic failure (odds ratio, 2.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.30-3.75; P=.004). If confirmed in independent studies, this result may justify the increased use of HIV genotyping in drug-naive patients requiring antiretroviral therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health