To compare the effects of chronic antihypertensive treatment on left and right ventricular structure and function, 24 patients with mild to moderate, never-treated hypertension were randomized to receive fosinopril (20 mg daily) or amlodipine (10 mg daily) for 12 months. At baseline and subsequently at the end of third, sixth, and twelfth months, each patient underwent an integrated echocardiographic study and noninvasive ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Both drugs significantly reduced blood pressure, casual or monitored (p <0.01), and left ventricular mass index (from 125 ± 32 to 100 ± 12 gm/m2 [p <0.02] with amlodipine and from 106 ± 18 to 89 ± 10 gm/m2 [p <0.02] with fosinopril). The decrease in left ventricular mass was essentially caused by a reduction of ventricular thickness. Free right ventricular wall thickness was also lowered in both groups, more consistently with amlodipine (from 8.0 ± 2.1 to 6.4 ± 0.8 mm; p <0.01), without an increase in plasma natriuretic peptide and insulin concentrations or heart rate. With both treatments, the decrease in ventricular mass was not associated with impairment of systolic function, whereas a trend toward an improvement of Doppler echocardiographic indexes of biventricular diastolic function was observed. In conclusion, both amlodipine and fosinopril induced similar qualitative effects on anatomy and function of both ventricles. The clinical meaning of these observations must be defined further by means of adequately sized prospective trials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine