Sedation and monitoring for gastrointestinal endoscopy: A nationwide web survey in Italy

Lorella Fanti, Massimo Agostoni, Marco Gemma, Franco Radaelli, Rita Conigliaro, Luigi Beretta, Gemma Rossi, Mario Guslandi, Pier Alberto Testoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Best strategy of sedation/analgesia in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is still debated. Aims of the study: To evaluate sedation and monitoring practice among Italian gastroenterologists and to assess their opinion about non-anaesthesiologist propofol administration. Methods: A 19-item survey was mailed to all 1192 members of the Italian Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SIED). For each respondent were recorded demographic data, medical specialty, years of practise and practise setting. Results: A total of 494 SIED members returned questionnaires, representing a response rate of 41.4%. The most employed sedation pattern was benzodiazepines for oesophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDS) in 50.8% of procedures, benzodiazepines plus opioids for colonoscopy and enteroscopy in 39.5% and 35.3% of procedures, respectively, propofol for endoscopic retrograde colangiopancreatography (ERCP) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in 42.3% and 35.6% of procedures, respectively. With regard to propofol use, 66% respondents stated that propofol was exclusively administered by anaesthesiologists. However, 76.9% respondents would consider non-anaesthesiologist propofol administration after appropriate training. Pulse oximetry is the most employed system for procedural monitoring. Supplemental O 2 is routinely administered by 39.3% respondents. Conclusions: Use of sedation has become a standard practise during GI endoscopy in Italy. Pattern varies for each type of procedure. Pulse oximetry is the most employed system of monitoring. Administration of propofol is still directed by anaesthesiologists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)726-730
Number of pages5
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011


  • Endoscopic sedation
  • Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • Propofol
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology


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