Seeking and experiencing meaning: Exploring the role of meaning in promoting mental adjustment and eudaimonic well-being in cancer patients

Marta Scrignaro, Elisabetta Bianchi, Cinzia Brunelli, Guido Miccinesi, Carla Ida Ripamonti, Maria Elena Magrin, Claudia Borreani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The present study is the result of theory-driven research investigating the role of the search for and presence of meaning in enhancing both mental adjustment and eudaimonic well-being in cancer patients. Method: A cross-sectional study involved 266 cancer patients currently in the treatment and management phase of their illness. Data were collected by a written questionnaire. The search for meaning was assessed with the Seeking of Noetic Goals Test, and the presence of meaning was assessed using the Purpose in Life Test. Mental adjustment to a cancer diagnosis was assessed by two subscales of the Italian version of the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale, and eudaimonic well-being was assessed with the Psychological Well-Being Scale. Correlation and mediation analyses based on five thousand bootstrapping samples were performed. Results: The mediation analyses showed that the presence of meaning totally or partially mediated the effect of the search for meaning on both mental adjustment and eudaimonic well-being. Further correlation analyses showed a high negative correlation between eudaimonic well-being and hopelessness. Significance of results: Our results appear relevant from both the theoretical and clinical points of view. They support a deeper understanding of the combined contribution of the search for and presence of meaning in promoting well-being in cancer patients. Simultaneously, they are consistent with suggestions from recent studies on the clinical psychology of posttraumatic growth and emphasize the relevance of eudaimonic well-being as a protective factor for hopelessness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-681
Number of pages9
JournalPalliative and Supportive Care
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 13 2013

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Cancer
  • Eudaimonic well-being
  • Meaning made
  • Meaning making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Nursing(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Seeking and experiencing meaning: Exploring the role of meaning in promoting mental adjustment and eudaimonic well-being in cancer patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this