Seizure Adequacy Markers and the Prediction of Electroconvulsive Therapy Response

Alessandra Minelli, Maria Abate, Elisa Zampieri, Giulio Gainelli, Luigi Trabucchi, Matilde Segala, Riccardo Sartori, Massimo Gennarelli, Andreas Conca, Marco Bortolomasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective therapy for patients with treatment-resistant depression; however, some patients do not respond or relapse in a short time. Electroconvulsive therapy stimulus parameters may be related to the outcome. We carried out a retrospective study review to investigate various ECT parameters in relation to the outcome, clinical variables, and pharmacological treatments. Our aim was to understand which factors could be considered putative seizure quality markers and which are relevant to clinical practice. METHODS: Two physicians evaluated the seizure length, the postictal suppression index, the wave amplitude, tachycardia, and hemispheric brain wave synchronicity in a double-blind manner for 45 treatment-resistant depression patients receiving ECT. RESULTS: The analysis showed a significant association between the outcome and the ECT seizure quality measured by the parameters (P = 9.9 × 10). Among patients with poor-quality seizures, 61.5% relapsed after approximately 1 month from the last ECT session. Particularly, there was an association between higher symptomatology decrease and higher quality of hemispheric brain wave synchronicity (P = 5.0 × 10), as well as a higher wave amplitude (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that ECT seizure quality was strongly correlated with the decrease of depressive symptomatology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of ECT
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 21 2015

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Electroconvulsive Therapy
Seizures
Brain Waves
Treatment-Resistant Depressive Disorder
Tachycardia
Retrospective Studies
Pharmacology
Physicians
Recurrence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Minelli, A., Abate, M., Zampieri, E., Gainelli, G., Trabucchi, L., Segala, M., ... Bortolomasi, M. (Accepted/In press). Seizure Adequacy Markers and the Prediction of Electroconvulsive Therapy Response. Journal of ECT. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCT.0000000000000274

Seizure Adequacy Markers and the Prediction of Electroconvulsive Therapy Response. / Minelli, Alessandra; Abate, Maria; Zampieri, Elisa; Gainelli, Giulio; Trabucchi, Luigi; Segala, Matilde; Sartori, Riccardo; Gennarelli, Massimo; Conca, Andreas; Bortolomasi, Marco.

In: Journal of ECT, 21.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Minelli, A, Abate, M, Zampieri, E, Gainelli, G, Trabucchi, L, Segala, M, Sartori, R, Gennarelli, M, Conca, A & Bortolomasi, M 2015, 'Seizure Adequacy Markers and the Prediction of Electroconvulsive Therapy Response', Journal of ECT. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCT.0000000000000274
Minelli, Alessandra ; Abate, Maria ; Zampieri, Elisa ; Gainelli, Giulio ; Trabucchi, Luigi ; Segala, Matilde ; Sartori, Riccardo ; Gennarelli, Massimo ; Conca, Andreas ; Bortolomasi, Marco. / Seizure Adequacy Markers and the Prediction of Electroconvulsive Therapy Response. In: Journal of ECT. 2015.
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