The BCR/ABL fusion protein is a constitutively active tyrosine kinase that is responsible for the pathogenesis of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Clinically, CML is characterized by a chronic phase (CP) that eventually terminates into a blast crisis (BC). BC transformation is associated with accumulation of CD34+ blasts. We investigated the expression and phosphorylation of Src-homology-2 and collagen-homology domains (Shc) proteins in subpopulations of CML primary cells. Shc polypeptides are tyrosine kinase substrates that are constitutively tyrosine-phosphorylated in continuous cell lines of CML origin. High levels of Shc expression were found in the CD34+ cells from CML-BC, CML-CP and normal bone marrow. In contrast, CD34- fractions from CML-CP and normal bone marrow expressed low levels of p46(Shc). Shc proteins were constitutively phosphorylated in the CD34+ fractions from CML cells (both CP and BC), but not in normal CD34+ cells. These data bear implications for the role of Shc in normal hemopoiesis and CML leukemogenesis: (a) dramatic changes of Shc expression during terminal differentiation of hemopoietic cells adds a further level of regulation to the signal transduction function of Shc; and (b) constitutive Shc tyrosine- phosphorylation in the rare CD34+ cells of CML-CP might contribute to the selection of this subpopulation during the blast crisis transformation of CMLs.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research