BACKGROUND: ΔFosB is a surrogate marker of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID), the unavoidable disabling consequence of Parkinson's disease L-DOPA long-term treatment. However, the relationship between the electrical activity of FosB/ΔFosB-expressing neurons and LID manifestation is unknown.
METHODS: We used the Daun02 prodrug-inactivation method associated with lentiviral expression of β-galactosidase under the control of the FosB promoter to investigate a causal link between the activity of FosB/ΔFosB-expressing neurons and dyskinesia severity in both rat and monkey models of Parkinson's disease and LID. Whole-cell recordings of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) were performed to assess the effects of Daun02 and daunorubicin on neuronal excitability.
RESULTS: We first show that daunorubicin, the active product of Daun02 metabolism by β-galactosidase, decreases the activity of MSNs in rat brain slices and that Daun02 strongly decreases the excitability of rat MSN primary cultures expressing β-galactosidase upon D1 dopamine receptor stimulation. We then demonstrate that the selective, and reversible, inhibition of FosB/ΔFosB-expressing striatal neurons with Daun02 decreases the severity of LID while improving the beneficial effect of L-DOPA.
CONCLUSIONS: These results establish that FosB/ΔFosB accumulation ultimately results in altered neuronal electrical properties sustaining maladaptive circuits leading not only to LID but also to a blunted response to L-DOPA. These findings further reveal that targeting dyskinesia can be achieved without reducing the antiparkinsonian properties of L-DOPA when specifically inhibiting FosB/ΔFosB-accumulating neurons.
- Antiparkinson Agents
- Disease Models, Animal
- Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced
- Macaca fascicularis
- Parkinson Disease
- Patch-Clamp Techniques
- Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
- Rats, Sprague-Dawley
- Receptors, Dopamine D1
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't