Selective increase in T-type calcium conductance of reticular thalamic neurons in a rat model of absence epilepsy

E. Tsakiridou, L. Bertollini, M. De Curtis, G. Avanzini, H. C. Pape

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The properties of voltage-dependent calcium currents were compared in thalamic neurons acutely dissociated from a rat model of absence epilepsy, designated as Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rat from Strasbourg (GAERS), and from a Nonepileptic Control strain (NEC). Two populations of neurons were isolated: thalamocortical relay neurons of the nucleus ventrobasalis (VB) and neurons of the nucleus reticularis (RT) of the thalamus. Whole-cell patch- clamp analysis demonstrated an increase in the amplitude of the calcium (Ca2+) current with a low threshold of activation (I(T)) in RT neurons of GAERS in comparison to that of the seizure-free rat strain (198 ± 19 pA and -128 ± 14 pA, respectively), whereas the sustained component (I(L)) was not significantly different. The kinetic properties, voltage dependence, and basic pharmacological sensitivity of the Ca2+ conductances were similar in the two populations of neurons. The amplitude of both I(T) and I(L) in RT neurons increased after birth, and differences in I(T) between GAERS and NEC attained significance after postnatal day 11. At corresponding ages, the Ca2+ currents in VB thalamocortical relay neurons were not altered in GAERS in comparison to those in NEC. We conclude that the selective increase in I(T) of RT neurons enhances the probability of recurrent intrathalamic burst activity, thereby strengthening the synchronizing mechanisms in thalamocortical systems, and, as such, represents a possible primary neuronal dysfunction that relates to the pathological increase in synchronization underlying the generation of bilateral and synchronous spike and wave discharges (SWDs) in an established genetic model of generalized epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3110-3117
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume15
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • absence epilepsy
  • calcium currents
  • genetic model
  • spike and wave discharges
  • synchronization
  • thalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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