"Self and parent-assessed skin cancer risk factors in school-age children"

M. C. Cercato, E. Nagore, V. Ramazzotti, C. Guillén, I. Terrenato, J. Villena, M. Lomuscio, P. G. Natali, H. J. Schünemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate sunburn, sun sensitivity factors and sun protection behavior in school-age children. Methods: 2002 to 2004 survey of 2942 children in primary schools of Valencia, Spain, and their parents, using a self-administered questionnaire filled by the children with the help of their parents. Results: Having a fair skin (OR: 2.05; 95% CI: 1.38-3.04), light coloured eyes (OR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.12-1.68), freckles (OR: 1.32; 95% CI:1.12-1.56), and older age (OR: 2.34; 95% CI:1.96-2.80) were associated with occurrence of sunburns. Hair color, gender, use of sunscreens, wearing T-shirts and sunglasses were not. Wearing hats (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.54-0.75) was inversely associated. Parents were significantly more inclined to protect younger and fair-skinned children with sunscreen and T-shirts. Conclusions: As expected, phenotype is related to sunburns and appears to influence parent's sun protection behaviours.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-135
Number of pages3
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Keywords

  • Child
  • Melanoma
  • Prevention and control
  • Questionnaires
  • Risk factors
  • Skin neoplasms
  • Sunburn
  • Sunscreening agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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