Self-expanding stents in the treatment of tracheobronchial obstruction

P. Zannini, G. Melloni, G. Chiesa, A. Carretta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The self-expandable stainless steel stents (Gianturco, William Cook, Bjaeverskov, Denmark) used extensively in biliary ducts and the vascular system have recently been modified for use in the tracheobronchial tree. Between March 1991 and September 1992, six patients with unresectable tracheobronchial and mediastinal diseases were treated with the placement of one or more self-expanding stents under direct vision with a fiberoptic bronchoscope. All patients had been intubated for severe respiratory insufficiency. In all cases, immediate relief of respiratory symptoms was achieved and all patients were extubated 1 or 2 days after stent placement. Tolerance of the stents was excellent. No patient complained of pain, discomfort, or foreign body sensation. No infection or obstruction of the stents was observed. The chest roentgenogram and the bronchoscopies performed during follow-up have shown no change in the position of the stents. Our results seem promising since these devices provide effective palliation of airway obstructions and are well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-90
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1994


  • self-expandable stainless steel stents
  • tracheobronchial obstruction
  • tracheobronchial strictures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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