Self-perceived normality in defecation habits

M. Bellini, P. Alduini, G. Bassotti, A. Bove, R. Bocchini, M. P. Sormani, P. Bruzzi, F. Pucciani, F. Costa, C. Stasi, M. G. Mumolo, S. Biagi, A. Ricchiuti, I. Berni, S. Giorgetti, S. Marchi, A. Mazzocchi, M. Mariano, A. Morelli, A. BalzanoM. Cimatti, L. Fornasari, I. Montaletti, P. Pazzi, E. Battaglia, L. Dughera, G. Emanuelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Available information on normal bowel habits was mainly gathered by means of telephone interviews or mailed questionnaires. Aims: We undertook a prospective study to evaluate the defecatory habits in subjects perceiving themselves as normal concerning this function. Subjects and Methods: A questionnaire (4-week diary with "yes-no" daily answers to six questions concerning bowel habits) was distributed to 204 subjects perceiving their defecation behaviour as normal. Results: The completed questionnaire was returned by 140 subjects. No significant differences were found between sexes or age groups for any variable, even though straining at stool and feeling of incomplete and/or difficult evacuation showed a trend to increase with age. No subject had less than three bowel movements per week or more than three per day. The percentage of symptoms linked to an abnormal defecatory behaviour was well below 10%. Fifty-five percent of subjects reported at least one parameter of abnormal functioning; the most frequent was straining at stool and the rarer was the manual manoeuvres to help defecation. Conclusions: In normal subjects the prevalence of symptoms considered in Rome II criteria as part of an abnormal defecatory behaviour (in more than 25% of defecations) is well below 10%, manual manoeuvres are almost never used to help defecation, and the frequency of defecations is at least three per week.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2006

Fingerprint

Defecation
Habits
Emotions
Age Groups
Prospective Studies
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Bowel habits
  • Defecation
  • Stool frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Cite this

Bellini, M., Alduini, P., Bassotti, G., Bove, A., Bocchini, R., Sormani, M. P., ... Emanuelli, G. (2006). Self-perceived normality in defecation habits. Digestive and Liver Disease, 38(2), 103-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2005.09.022

Self-perceived normality in defecation habits. / Bellini, M.; Alduini, P.; Bassotti, G.; Bove, A.; Bocchini, R.; Sormani, M. P.; Bruzzi, P.; Pucciani, F.; Costa, F.; Stasi, C.; Mumolo, M. G.; Biagi, S.; Ricchiuti, A.; Berni, I.; Giorgetti, S.; Marchi, S.; Mazzocchi, A.; Mariano, M.; Morelli, A.; Balzano, A.; Cimatti, M.; Fornasari, L.; Montaletti, I.; Pazzi, P.; Battaglia, E.; Dughera, L.; Emanuelli, G.

In: Digestive and Liver Disease, Vol. 38, No. 2, 01.02.2006, p. 103-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bellini, M, Alduini, P, Bassotti, G, Bove, A, Bocchini, R, Sormani, MP, Bruzzi, P, Pucciani, F, Costa, F, Stasi, C, Mumolo, MG, Biagi, S, Ricchiuti, A, Berni, I, Giorgetti, S, Marchi, S, Mazzocchi, A, Mariano, M, Morelli, A, Balzano, A, Cimatti, M, Fornasari, L, Montaletti, I, Pazzi, P, Battaglia, E, Dughera, L & Emanuelli, G 2006, 'Self-perceived normality in defecation habits', Digestive and Liver Disease, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 103-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2005.09.022
Bellini M, Alduini P, Bassotti G, Bove A, Bocchini R, Sormani MP et al. Self-perceived normality in defecation habits. Digestive and Liver Disease. 2006 Feb 1;38(2):103-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2005.09.022
Bellini, M. ; Alduini, P. ; Bassotti, G. ; Bove, A. ; Bocchini, R. ; Sormani, M. P. ; Bruzzi, P. ; Pucciani, F. ; Costa, F. ; Stasi, C. ; Mumolo, M. G. ; Biagi, S. ; Ricchiuti, A. ; Berni, I. ; Giorgetti, S. ; Marchi, S. ; Mazzocchi, A. ; Mariano, M. ; Morelli, A. ; Balzano, A. ; Cimatti, M. ; Fornasari, L. ; Montaletti, I. ; Pazzi, P. ; Battaglia, E. ; Dughera, L. ; Emanuelli, G. / Self-perceived normality in defecation habits. In: Digestive and Liver Disease. 2006 ; Vol. 38, No. 2. pp. 103-108.
@article{fe66f2f6b3d449928cd6eed60acf2c48,
title = "Self-perceived normality in defecation habits",
abstract = "Background: Available information on normal bowel habits was mainly gathered by means of telephone interviews or mailed questionnaires. Aims: We undertook a prospective study to evaluate the defecatory habits in subjects perceiving themselves as normal concerning this function. Subjects and Methods: A questionnaire (4-week diary with {"}yes-no{"} daily answers to six questions concerning bowel habits) was distributed to 204 subjects perceiving their defecation behaviour as normal. Results: The completed questionnaire was returned by 140 subjects. No significant differences were found between sexes or age groups for any variable, even though straining at stool and feeling of incomplete and/or difficult evacuation showed a trend to increase with age. No subject had less than three bowel movements per week or more than three per day. The percentage of symptoms linked to an abnormal defecatory behaviour was well below 10{\%}. Fifty-five percent of subjects reported at least one parameter of abnormal functioning; the most frequent was straining at stool and the rarer was the manual manoeuvres to help defecation. Conclusions: In normal subjects the prevalence of symptoms considered in Rome II criteria as part of an abnormal defecatory behaviour (in more than 25{\%} of defecations) is well below 10{\%}, manual manoeuvres are almost never used to help defecation, and the frequency of defecations is at least three per week.",
keywords = "Bowel habits, Defecation, Stool frequency",
author = "M. Bellini and P. Alduini and G. Bassotti and A. Bove and R. Bocchini and Sormani, {M. P.} and P. Bruzzi and F. Pucciani and F. Costa and C. Stasi and Mumolo, {M. G.} and S. Biagi and A. Ricchiuti and I. Berni and S. Giorgetti and S. Marchi and A. Mazzocchi and M. Mariano and A. Morelli and A. Balzano and M. Cimatti and L. Fornasari and I. Montaletti and P. Pazzi and E. Battaglia and L. Dughera and G. Emanuelli",
year = "2006",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dld.2005.09.022",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "103--108",
journal = "Digestive and Liver Disease",
issn = "1590-8658",
publisher = "Elsevier B.V.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-perceived normality in defecation habits

AU - Bellini, M.

AU - Alduini, P.

AU - Bassotti, G.

AU - Bove, A.

AU - Bocchini, R.

AU - Sormani, M. P.

AU - Bruzzi, P.

AU - Pucciani, F.

AU - Costa, F.

AU - Stasi, C.

AU - Mumolo, M. G.

AU - Biagi, S.

AU - Ricchiuti, A.

AU - Berni, I.

AU - Giorgetti, S.

AU - Marchi, S.

AU - Mazzocchi, A.

AU - Mariano, M.

AU - Morelli, A.

AU - Balzano, A.

AU - Cimatti, M.

AU - Fornasari, L.

AU - Montaletti, I.

AU - Pazzi, P.

AU - Battaglia, E.

AU - Dughera, L.

AU - Emanuelli, G.

PY - 2006/2/1

Y1 - 2006/2/1

N2 - Background: Available information on normal bowel habits was mainly gathered by means of telephone interviews or mailed questionnaires. Aims: We undertook a prospective study to evaluate the defecatory habits in subjects perceiving themselves as normal concerning this function. Subjects and Methods: A questionnaire (4-week diary with "yes-no" daily answers to six questions concerning bowel habits) was distributed to 204 subjects perceiving their defecation behaviour as normal. Results: The completed questionnaire was returned by 140 subjects. No significant differences were found between sexes or age groups for any variable, even though straining at stool and feeling of incomplete and/or difficult evacuation showed a trend to increase with age. No subject had less than three bowel movements per week or more than three per day. The percentage of symptoms linked to an abnormal defecatory behaviour was well below 10%. Fifty-five percent of subjects reported at least one parameter of abnormal functioning; the most frequent was straining at stool and the rarer was the manual manoeuvres to help defecation. Conclusions: In normal subjects the prevalence of symptoms considered in Rome II criteria as part of an abnormal defecatory behaviour (in more than 25% of defecations) is well below 10%, manual manoeuvres are almost never used to help defecation, and the frequency of defecations is at least three per week.

AB - Background: Available information on normal bowel habits was mainly gathered by means of telephone interviews or mailed questionnaires. Aims: We undertook a prospective study to evaluate the defecatory habits in subjects perceiving themselves as normal concerning this function. Subjects and Methods: A questionnaire (4-week diary with "yes-no" daily answers to six questions concerning bowel habits) was distributed to 204 subjects perceiving their defecation behaviour as normal. Results: The completed questionnaire was returned by 140 subjects. No significant differences were found between sexes or age groups for any variable, even though straining at stool and feeling of incomplete and/or difficult evacuation showed a trend to increase with age. No subject had less than three bowel movements per week or more than three per day. The percentage of symptoms linked to an abnormal defecatory behaviour was well below 10%. Fifty-five percent of subjects reported at least one parameter of abnormal functioning; the most frequent was straining at stool and the rarer was the manual manoeuvres to help defecation. Conclusions: In normal subjects the prevalence of symptoms considered in Rome II criteria as part of an abnormal defecatory behaviour (in more than 25% of defecations) is well below 10%, manual manoeuvres are almost never used to help defecation, and the frequency of defecations is at least three per week.

KW - Bowel habits

KW - Defecation

KW - Stool frequency

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33745365442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33745365442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dld.2005.09.022

DO - 10.1016/j.dld.2005.09.022

M3 - Article

C2 - 16263343

AN - SCOPUS:33745365442

VL - 38

SP - 103

EP - 108

JO - Digestive and Liver Disease

JF - Digestive and Liver Disease

SN - 1590-8658

IS - 2

ER -