Sensitivity and cellular response to different anticancer agents of a human ovarian cancer cell line expressing wild-type, mutated or no p53

E. A. Graniela Sire, F. Vikhanskaya, M. Broggini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The cytotoxicity and gene expression induced by anticancer drugs with different mechanisms of action was tested in clones from a human ovarian cancer cell line expressing no p53, mutated p53 or wild type (wt)p53. Materials and methods: We used clones from SKOV3 cells transfected with a temperature-sensitive mutant p53 which expresses mutated p53 at 37°C and a wild type-like p53 at 32°C. Cytotoxicity and expression of p53-related genes (WAF1 and GADD45) were tested after 24 hours of treatment with different drugs. Results: All of the drugs were equally active in the different systems, independently of the presence of p53, with the exception of doxorubicin which was less cytotoxic in cells expressing a wtp53. An increase in the transcription of WAF1 and GADD45 genes was found in cells expressing p53 and treated with the drugs. GADD45 and WAF1 expression was also found in cells not expressing p53 but treated with the drugs, suggesting that these genes can also be activated by DNA damage through a pathway independent of p53. A highly DNA-sequence-specific alkylator, tallimustine (FCE 24517), which causes a very small number of DNA lesions, does not increase the expression of these genes. Cyclin D1 gene expression was not changed after treatment with the drugs tested in cells both expressing and not expressing wtp53. Conclusions: Our data suggest that p53 expression does not play a role in increasing the susceptibility of cells not undergoing apoptosis after DNA damage, but that, at least in the case of doxorubicin, it can enhance the repair systems and reduce the cytotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-593
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume6
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Anticancer agents
  • p53 binding
  • p53 expression
  • p53-related genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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