PTT-119, a new synthetic alkylating compound, has shown a marked "in vitro" inhibitory effect on chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) granulo-monocytic precursors (CFU-GM) at doses greater than 5 μg/ml. Based on previous experiences of synergistic associations between alkylating drugs and biological modifiers, we tested the effects of low doses of PTT-119 (from 0.1 to 1 μg/ml) in concert with alpha, gamma, or alpha + gamma interferons and compared to IFNs alone, in order to investigate an alternative choice for treatment of CML patients in chronic phase. Our results showed a significantly higher CFU-GM cloning inhibition after addition of 100 or 1,000 U/ml of alpha IFN to 0.1 μg/ml PTT-119 (from 39.6% ± 26.6 SD to 80.7% ± 10 SD and 91.5% ± 8 SD, respectively), while gamma IFN resulted in only a slight increase in colony growth inhibition when compared to the drug used alone. The association of alpha plus gamma IFN coupled with PTT-119 treatment did not significantly improve the results observed after exposure of leukemic progenitors to PTT-119 and alpha IFN alone. We conclude that a combined treatment with PTT-119 and IFN is probably worth testing both for purging methods before autologous bone marrow transplantation and for in vivo administration in chronic myeloid leukemia.
- Alpha interferon
- Autologous bone marrow transplantation
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Gamma interferon
ASJC Scopus subject areas