The inhibition of cell proliferation by methyl (2Z,4E)-2-methylsulfanyl-5-(1-naphthyl)-4-nitro-2,4-pentadienoate (1-Naph-NMCB) and (1E,3E)-1,4-bis(2-naphthyl)-2,3-dinitro-1,3-butadiene (2-Naph-DNB) has been studied in vitro against four cell lines selected for their resistance to doxorubicin, cisplatin, taxol and 5-fluorouracil. In previous experiments both compounds showed good in vitro antiproliferative, cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic activities against cell lines of different histologic origin. The results of the experiments presented here suggest that 1-Naph-NMCB is able to overcome all of the different mechanisms of resistance showed by the resistant cell lines used for our experiments. On the contrary, when we used the taxol-resistant A549-T12 cell line, characterized by a mechanism of resistance due to a mutation of the target site of taxol on microtubules, it displayed a partial but significant cross-resistance to 2-Naph-DNB. Although the actual mechanism of this cross-resistance has not yet been definitively elucidated, our results from immunostaining of microtubules suggest that it may be linked to the presence of a shared target site for taxol and 2-Naph-DNB on microtubules.
- Mechanism of resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience