Sensitivity to change and minimal clinically important difference of the Locomotor Capabilities Index-5 in people with lower limb amputation undergoing prosthetic training

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine the sensitivity to change and minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for the self-administered Locomotor Capabilities Index-5 (LCI-5) in people with lower limb amputation undergoing prosthetic training. Design: Prospective single-group observational study. Methods: The LCI-5 was administered to 110 patients (69 males [63%]; median [interquartile range] age, 60 [48–69] years) before and after prosthetic training. The external anchor administered after the program was a 7-point Global Rating of Change Scale (GRCS) designed to quantify the effect (improvement or deterioration) of the intervention. Results: Test–retest reliability of the LCI-5 (n = 30) was high (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC 2,1 ] = 0.92). The minimum detectable change at the 95% confidence level was 5.66 points. After triangulating these results with those of the mean-change approach and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis (area under the ROC curve ≥ 0.90), based on a different GRCS score splitting, we identified 2 cutoffs for the LCI-5: a change of 7 points, indicating the MCID, and 12 points, indicating “large improvement” in locomotor capabilities (12.5% and 21.4% of the maximum possible score, respectively). Conclusions: The LCI-5 showed a high ability to detect change over time (responsiveness). The 2 proposed values (MCID of 7 points and large improvement of 12 points), based on a mix of distribution- and anchor-based approaches, represent cutoffs that can accurately identify 2 different levels of true change (as perceived by the patient) in locomotor capability after prosthetic training.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Leg prosthesis
  • Lower-limb amputation
  • Outcome assessment
  • Prosthetic training
  • Psychometrics
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sensitivity to change and minimal clinically important difference of the Locomotor Capabilities Index-5 in people with lower limb amputation undergoing prosthetic training'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this