Sensorimotor cortex excitability in Unverricht-Lundborg disease and Lafora body disease

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD) can be differentiated on the basis of their neurophysiologic profiles. Methods: Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs), long-loop reflexes (LLRs), and the influence of conditioning nerve stimulation on the motor potentials evoked by transcranial stimulation in 8 patients with LBD and 10 patients with ULD were investigated. Results: Both groups showed sensorimotor cortex hyperexcitability, but their electrophysiologic profiles were different. Enlarged P25 to N33 SSEP components and enhanced LLRs were common in the ULD patients, whereas medium-latency "giant" SSEP components and less consistently enhanced LLRs were more frequently found in the patients with LBD. Cortical relay time was extremely brief in ULD but varied in LBD. Conditioning somatosensory stimuli differently affected motor cortex excitability, leading to early facilitation in ULD and delayed and prolonged facilitation in LBD. Conclusions: Patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD) have different electrophysiologic profiles. The ULD findings point to an aberrant subcortical or cortical loop (possibly short-cutting the somatosensory cortex) that is involved in generating the prominent action myoclonus characterizing the disorder. The LBD findings highlight sustained hyperexcitability of the sensorimotor cortex in response to afferent stimuli, which fit with a more severe impairment of inhibitory mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2309-2315
Number of pages7
JournalNeurology
Volume63
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 28 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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