Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population

C. Carabellese, I. Appollonio, R. Rozzini, A. Bianchetti, G. B. Frisoni, L. Frattola, M. Trabucchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

310 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association between quality of life measures and sensory impairment in aged individuals living at home. Design: Survey. Setting: A community survey, carried out in the historical center of a town in Northern Italy. Patients: 1191 non-institutionalized elders (age 70-75 years). Measurements: Comprehensive QOL questionnaire, free-field voice testing, and Snellen eye chart. Results: Single sensory impairments (either visual or auditory) were significantly and independently associated with increased risk for depression (odds ratio: 2.3, 95% confidence interval: 1.5- 3.4; OR:1.8, CI:1.1-2.7, respectively) and decreased self-sufficiency in daily living activities (OR:1.7, CI:1.1-2.6; OR:2.1, CI:1.4-3.2, respectively). Visual dysfunction, but not hearing dysfunction, was independently associated with lower social relationships (OR:2.0, CI:1.3- 3.1). Conclusion: The quality of life of community-dwelling elderly people is significantly linked to sensory impairment, which can be detected through simple physical examination. Mood level and social relationships are particularly affected by visual impairment, whereas self-sufficiency in daily living is more strongly related to hearing impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-407
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume41
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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Vision Disorders
Quality of Life
Population
Independent Living
Activities of Daily Living
Hearing Loss
Italy
Hearing
Physical Examination
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Depression
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Carabellese, C., Appollonio, I., Rozzini, R., Bianchetti, A., Frisoni, G. B., Frattola, L., & Trabucchi, M. (1993). Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 41(4), 401-407.

Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population. / Carabellese, C.; Appollonio, I.; Rozzini, R.; Bianchetti, A.; Frisoni, G. B.; Frattola, L.; Trabucchi, M.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 41, No. 4, 1993, p. 401-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carabellese, C, Appollonio, I, Rozzini, R, Bianchetti, A, Frisoni, GB, Frattola, L & Trabucchi, M 1993, 'Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population', Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 401-407.
Carabellese C, Appollonio I, Rozzini R, Bianchetti A, Frisoni GB, Frattola L et al. Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1993;41(4):401-407.
Carabellese, C. ; Appollonio, I. ; Rozzini, R. ; Bianchetti, A. ; Frisoni, G. B. ; Frattola, L. ; Trabucchi, M. / Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population. In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 1993 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 401-407.
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