We review recent technological advances and new clinical indications for sentinel node (SN) and radioguided surgery in order to delineate future tendencies of interventional nuclear medicine in this field. A literature research was performed in PubMed to select relevant articles to be used as key references for analysis of the current approaches and tendencies in SN and radioguided surgery, as well as the evolving contribution of nuclear medicine intervention techniques to the various clinical applications. For classic indications such as melanoma and breast cancer, the incorporation of the SN approach based on the combined use of existing and new preoperative and intraoperative technologies in high-risk patient categories is becoming an emerging area of clinical indication. For SN biopsy staging in other malignancies with more complex lymphatic drainage, the incorporation of sophisticated tools is most helpful. The consecutive use of PET/CT and the SN procedure is increasing as a potential combined approach for the management of specific areas such as the axilla and the pelvis in patients at high risk of regional dissemination. Also, for the management of locoregional metastasis and oligometastatic disease, interventional nuclear medicine techniques are becoming valuable alternatives. The extended experience with SN biopsy is leading to technological advances facilitating the incorporation of this procedure to stage other malignancies with complex lymphatic drainage. New nuclear medicine-based approaches, incorporating SPECT/CT and PET/CT to guide resection of SNs and occult metastases, have recently been gaining ground.
- interventional nuclear medicine
- new tracers and technologies
- radioguided surgery
- sentinel node
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging