Sentinel node mapping in endometrial cancer following Hysteroscopic injection of tracers: A single center evaluation over 200 cases

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Objectives To analyze detection-rate(DR) and diagnostic-accuracy (A) of sentinel-nodes(SLNs) mapping following hysteroscopic-injection of tracer. To compare DR and A between tracers: ICG and Tc99m. Methods Evaluation of endometrial-cancer patients who underwent SLNs mapping after hysteroscopic-peritumoral-injection of tracer ± lymphadenectomy. Analysis of DR (overall-bilateral-aortic) and A in the entire cohort and comparison between tracers. Results 202 procedures were performed from January/2005 to February/2017. Mean age:60 years (28–82); mean BMI: 26.8 kg/m2 (15–47). In 133 cases (65.8%) hysterectomy and mapping procedure were performed laparoscopically. The overall-DR of the technique was 93.2% (179/192) (10 cases were excluded: 9 for technical-equipment failure; 1 for vagal reaction). Bilateral pelvic mapping was found in 59.7% of cases (107/179) and was more frequent in the ICG group (72.8% vs 53.3%; p: 0.012). In 50.8% of cases (91/179) SLNs were mapped both in pelvic and aortic nodes, and in 5 cases (2.8%) only in the aortic area. The mean number of detected SLNs was 3.7 (1–8). 22 patients (12.3%) had nodal involvement: 10-(45.5%)-macrometastases; 5-(22.7%)-micrometastases; 7-(31.8%)-ITCs. In 6 cases (27.3%) only aortic nodes were positive; in 5 cases (22.7%) both pelvic and aortic nodes and in 11 cases (50%) only pelvic nodes were involved. Three false-negative results were found, all in the Tc99m group. All had isolated aortic metastases with negative pelvic nodes. Overall-sensitivity was 86.4% (95%CI: 68.4–100) and overall-negative-predictive-value (NPV) was 96.4% (95%CI 86.7–100). No differences in terms of overall-DR, overall-sensitivity and overall-NPV were found between the two tracers. Conclusions Hysteroscopic-injection of tracer for SLNs mapping in endometrial cancer is as accurate as cervical injection with a higher DR in the aortic area. ICG improves bilateral-DR. Further investigation is warranted on this topic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017


  • Aortic nodes
  • Diagnostic accuracy
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Indocyanine green/Tc99m
  • Sentinel node

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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