Sentinel node mapping vs. lymphadenectomy in endometrial cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Sentinel node mapping is increasingly being utilized for endometrial cancer staging. However, only limited evidence supporting the adoption of sentinel node mapping instead of conventional lymphadenectomy is still available. Here, we aimed to review the current evidence comparing sentinel node mapping and lymphadenectomy in endometrial cancer staging. This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews. Six comparative studies were included. Overall, 3536 patients were included: 1249 (35.3%)and 2287 (64.7%), undergoing sentinel node mapping and lymphadenectomy, respectively. Pooled data suggested that positive pelvic nodes were detected in 184 out of 1249 (14.7%)patients having sentinel node mapping and 228 out of 2287 (9.9%)patients having lymphadenectomy (OR: 2.03; (95%CI: 1.30 to 3.18); p = 0.002). No difference in detection of positive nodes located in the paraaortic was observed (OR: 93 (95%CI: 0.39 to 2.18); p = 0.86). Overall recurrence rate was 4.3% and 7.3% after sentinel node mapping and lymphadenectomy, respectively (OR: 0.90 (95%CI: 0.58 to 1.38); p = 0.63). Similarly, nodal recurrences were statistically similar between groups (1.2% vs. 1.7%; OR: 1.51 (95%CI: 0.70 to 3.29); p = 0.29). In conclusion, our meta-analysis underlines that sentinel node mapping is non-inferior to standard lymphadenectomy in term of detection of paraaortic nodal involvement and recurrence rates (any site and nodal recurrence); while, focusing on the ability to detect positive pelvic nodes, sentinel node mapping could be consider superior to lymphadenectomy. Further randomized studies are needed to asses long term effectiveness of sentinel node mapping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-683
Number of pages8
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Detection rate
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Lymphadenectomy
  • Sentinel node mapping
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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