Separation, phenotyping and limiting dilution analysis of T-lymphocytes infiltrating human solid tumors

T. L. Whiteside, S. Miescher, J. Hurlimann, L. Moretta, V. von Fliedner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) were obtained by a combination of mechanical release and enzymatic disaggregation from 35 human solid tumors. The number of lymphocytes in TIL-enriched suspensions varied from 1 x 104 to 7.6 x 106 per wet gram of tumor. The TIL preparations separated by differential centrifugation on Ficoll-Hypaque gradients contained 10-95% of T11+ cells (mean 50%), and tumor cells accounted for the other major cellular component. Macrophages, NK cells, B cells and granulocytes were infrequently seen. Morphologically, TIL-T were small non-activated cells. They expressed the T11 and T3 antigens but not the receptor for IL-2 (IL-2R) or HLA-DR antigens as determined by double immunofluorescence staining. Rare T11+/IL-2R+ cells were recovered only from colon and lung carcinomas. The mean T4/T8 ratio in 12 TIL preparations was 1.1 ± 0.8. Immunohistology with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) performed in 31/35 tumors confirmed that the T11+ cells infiltrating solid tumors rarely expressed the IL-2R and that the cell content of suspensions enriched in TIL was comparable to that determined in situ. The recovered TIL were cloned in a microculture system that permits proliferation of early all normal peripheral blood T lymphocytes (PBL-T). Under these culture conditions, frequencies of the proliferating T lymphocyte precursors (PTL-P) were depressed in both the TIL preparations (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-811
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


Dive into the research topics of 'Separation, phenotyping and limiting dilution analysis of T-lymphocytes infiltrating human solid tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this