SEPN1-related myopathy in three patients: novel mutations and diagnostic clues

Anna Ardissone, Cinzia Bragato, Flavia Blasevich, Elio Maccagnano, Franco Salerno, Claudia Gandioli, Lucia Morandi, Marina Mora, Isabella Moroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mutations in SEPN1 cause selenoprotein N (SEPN)-related myopathy (SEPN-RM) characterized by early-onset axial and neck weakness, spinal rigidity, respiratory failure and histopathological features, ranging from mild dystrophic signs to a congenital myopathy pattern with myofibrillar disorganization. We report on clinical and instrumental features in three patients affected with a congenital myopathy characterized by prevalent neck weakness starting at different ages and mild myopathy, in whom we performed diagnosis of SEPN-RM. The patients presented myopathic signs since their first years of life, but the disease remained unrecognized because of a relatively benign myopathic course. In two cases, myopathic features were stable after 2 years of follow-up, but respiratory involvement worsened. The muscle MRI and muscle biopsy showed a typical pattern of SEPN-RM. Molecular diagnosis revealed two novel homozygous mutations in SEPN1, c.1176delA and c.726_727InsTCC. Conclusion: This report underlines the clinical diagnostic clues of early neck and axial weakness to suspect a SEPN-RM and the usefulness of muscle MRI in conjunction with clinical features to achieve the diagnosis. Our data confirm the slow progression of respiratory involvement in spite of the relatively stable course of myopathy. We report two previously undescribed mutations in SEPN1.(Table presented.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 16 2016

Keywords

  • Congenital myopathy
  • Dropped head syndrome
  • Muscle MRI
  • SEPN-RM
  • SEPN1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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