The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed during neural crest development. RET expression is enhanced in vitro by several differentiating agents, including retinoic acid (RA), which up- regulates RET expression in neuroblastoma cell lines. In the present work we sequenced and analysed a 5 kbp genomic fragment 5' to RET. Three deletion fragments of this region were tested for their RA inducibility in transient transfection assays and failed to support the hypothesis of a direct transcriptional activation. Finally, our functional analysis of a candidate RA response element present in the RET promoter provides new hints for the understanding of the interaction between nuclear receptors and their specific recognition sites.
- Medullary thyroid carcinoma
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2
- RET proto-oncogene
- Retinoic acid response element
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology