Sequence variants identification at the KCNQ1OT1: TSS differentially Methylated region in isolated omphalocele cases

Maria Francesca Bedeschi, Mariarosaria Calvello, Leda Paganini, Lidia Pezzani, Marco Baccarin, Laura Fontana, Silvia M. Sirchia, Silvana Guerneri, Lorena Canazza, Ernesto Leva, Lorenzo Colombo, Faustina Lalatta, Fabio Mosca, Silvia Tabano, Monica Miozzo

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Background: Omphalocele is a congenital midline ventral body wall defect that can exist as isolated malformation or as part of a syndrome. It can be considered one of the major and most frequent clinical manifestation of Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) in case of loss of methylation at KCNQ1OT1: Transcription Star Site-Differentially Methylated Region (TSS-DMR) or in presence of CDKN1C mutations. The isolated form of the omphalocele accounts approximately for about the 14% of the total cases and its molecular etiology has never been fully elucidated. Methods: Given the tight relationship with BWS, we hypothesized that the isolated form of the omphalocele could belong to the heterogeneous spectrum of the BWS associated features, representing an endophenotype with a clear genetic connection. We therefore investigated genetic and epigenetic changes affecting BWS imprinted locus at 11p15.5 imprinted region, focusing in particular on the KCNQ1OT1:TSS DMR. Results: We studied 21 cases of isolated omphalocele detected during pregnancy or at birth and identified the following rare maternally inherited variants: i) the non-coding variant G>A at nucleotide 687 (NR_002728.3) at KCNQ1OT1:TSS-DMR, which alters the methylation pattern of the imprinted allele, in one patient; ii) the deletion c.624-629delGGCCCC at exon 1 of CDKN1C, with unknown clinical significance, in two unrelated cases. Conclusions: Taken together, these findings suggest that KCNQ1OT1:TSS-DMR could be a susceptibility locus for the isolated omphalocele.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115
JournalBMC Medical Genetics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 18 2017



  • Abdominal wall defects
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
  • CDKN1C
  • Genomic imprinting
  • Omphalocele

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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