Sequencing of an upstream region of the human HLA-DRA gene containing X′ and Y′ boxes

Giordana Feriotto, Carlo Mischiati, Nicoletta Bianchi, Cristina Rutigliano, Patrizio Giacomini, Roberto Gambari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper we report the characterization of a newly sequenced 5′ upstream region of the human HLA-DRA gene. We performed (i) search for transcription factor motifs, (ii) analysis of CpG display and observed/expected frequency ratios, (iii) search for regions homologous to the 5′ upstream sequences of the murine EA gene, (iv) DNase I footprinting experiments and (v) electrophoretic mobility shift assays. Our results demonstrate the existence, in the HLA-DRA gene, of Y′ and X′ boxes highly homologous to the Y and X boxes present in MHC class II genes, but oriented in the opposite direction. These Y′ and X′ boxes have been conserved during the molecular evolution of both human HLA-DRA and murine EA genes. DNase I footprinting and gel retardation experiments suggest that the X′ and Y′ boxes of the HLA-DRA upstream gene region are specifically recognized by nuclear proteins that also bind to the X and Y boxes of the HLA-DRA proximal promoter, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1678
Number of pages8
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 25 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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