Sequential chemotherapy in nonsmall-cell lung cancer: Cisplatin and gemcitabine followed by docetaxel

Anna Ceribelli, Maria S. Pino, Alain J. Gelibter, Michele Milella, Fabiana L. Cecere, Mauro Caterino, Francesco Facciolo, Alessandra Mirri, Francesco Cognetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Improving results in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will require the development of new drugs and strategies to combine available agents. On the basis of data indicating the activity of docetaxel as second-line therapy, a Phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the sequential combination of chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin (P) and gemcitabine (G) followed by docetaxel (DOC) in patients with advanced NSCLC. METHODS. Patients with 1997 TNM stage IIIB (pleural effusion)/stage IV NSCLC, performance status (PS) of 0-1, and normal organ function were eligible. Therapy consisted of P at 75 mg/m2 on Day 1 and G 1200 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for 3 cycles followed, in nonprogressive patients, by DOC 30 mg/m2 every week for 6 consecutive weeks every 8 weeks for 2 cycles. RESULTS. Fifty-two eligible patients were enrolled (M/F, 39/13; stage IIIB/IV, 8/44; PS 0, 73%, PS 1, 27%; median age, 58 years; range, 36-73). The overall response rate was 36.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 23-49). The median overall survival was 11 months (95% CI: 9-13); the median progression-free survival was 6 months (95% CI: 5-7); and the 1- and 2-year survivals were 48% and 25%, respectively. One- and 2-year progression-free survivals were 12% and 8%, respectively. Both phases of the treatment protocol were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS. P/G followed by weekly DOC is well tolerated and active as first-line therapy for NSCLC patients and provides a feasible chemotherapeutic option in this clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-731
Number of pages5
JournalCancer
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2007

Keywords

  • Nonsmall-cell lung cancer
  • NSCLC
  • Sequential chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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