ICA69 is a recently cloned pancreatic islet protein proposed as a potential target of autoimmunity in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The aim of our study was to verify the relevance of ICA69 antibodies as markers of the disease. We measured antibodies to ICA69 in sera from newly-diagnosed IDDM patients, in age- and sex-matched normal controls, and in sera prior to the onset of IDDM (pre-IDDM). Human islet ICA69 was cloned and inserted into a bacterial expression vector and an in vitro transcription vector. Binding to affinity purified recombinant ICA69 on Western blots was found in 33/48 (68%) sera from newly-diagnosed IDDM patients and in 36/56 (64%) controls. No differences in band intensity were found between IDDM and controls. Using immunoprecipitation of 35S methionine labelled in vitro translated ICA69, none of 53 sera from newly diagnosed IDDM patients, 0 of 57 control sera and 1 of 24 pre-IDDM sera had detectable antibodies. We conclude that solid-phase assays are inappropriate for measurement of ICA69 antibodies as specific markers of IDDM and that antibodies to ICA69 are not detected by a liquid-phase immunoprecipitation assay. These data support neither a role for ICA69 as a relevant autoantigen in IDDM, nor a role for the measurement of antibodies to ICA69 in the prediction of IDDM.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy