Sera from patients with multiple drug allergy syndrome contain circulating histamine-releasing factors

Riccardo Asero, Alberto Tedeschi, Maurizio Lorini, Gianni Caldironi, Fiorella Barocci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: A subset of drug-intolerant patients show a marked propensity to react to several chemically unrelated antibacterial drugs. This condition is termed multiple drug allergy syndrome (MDAS). The pathogenesis of MDAS is still unclear. A possible mechanism is that a nonspecific patient-related factor leading to direct histamine release from mast cells and basophils is involved. We investigated whether a patient-related facilitating factor such as the clinically unapparent presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors may represent a nonspecific mechanism underlying drug-induced histamine release in patients with MDAS. Methods: 38 otherwise healthy adults with a history of acute urticaria following the ingestion of antibacterial drugs [18 subjects with MDAS (patients) and 20 monosensitive subjects (drug-allergic controls) on the basis of both clinical history and single-blind peroral challenges with alternative substances] and 20 subjects without a history of drug allergy (normal controls) underwent an autologous serum skin test (ASST). IgE specific for β-lactams was measured in sera from 25 subjects (11 patients and 14 drug-allergic controls) with a history of amoxicillin intolerance. Sera from 13 patients and 5 drug-allergic controls (all positive on ASST) were used in the in vitro histamine release assay using basophils from 3 normal donors. Results: 17 of 18 patients (94%) versus 8 of 20 drug-allergic controls (40%) showed an unequivocal wheal-and-flare reaction on ASST (p <0.05). Skin reactions were generally more intense in the patient group. In one MDAS patient, the ASST was not assessable due to dermographism. No normal control was positive on ASST. Sera from 3 of 13 patients (23%) versus 0 of 6 drug-allergic controls (not significant) induced significant histamine release from basophils of normal donors. IgE specific for β-lactams was detected in sera from 1 of 11 patients (9%) versus 5 of 14 drug-allergic controls (36%) (not significant). Conclusion: Most patients with MDAS and more than one third of subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to a single antibacterial drug were characterized by the presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors. Such factors might play a role in drug-induced adverse reactions observed in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-200
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Drug Hypersensitivity
Serum
Drug and Narcotic Control
Skin Tests
Histamine Release
Basophils
Lactams
Pharmaceutical Preparations
translationally-controlled 1 tumor protein
Immunoglobulin E
Tissue Donors
Amoxicillin
Urticaria
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Mast Cells

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Drug allergy
  • Multiple drug allergy syndrome
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Skin testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Sera from patients with multiple drug allergy syndrome contain circulating histamine-releasing factors. / Asero, Riccardo; Tedeschi, Alberto; Lorini, Maurizio; Caldironi, Gianni; Barocci, Fiorella.

In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, Vol. 131, No. 3, 2003, p. 195-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Asero, Riccardo ; Tedeschi, Alberto ; Lorini, Maurizio ; Caldironi, Gianni ; Barocci, Fiorella. / Sera from patients with multiple drug allergy syndrome contain circulating histamine-releasing factors. In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. 2003 ; Vol. 131, No. 3. pp. 195-200.
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abstract = "Background: A subset of drug-intolerant patients show a marked propensity to react to several chemically unrelated antibacterial drugs. This condition is termed multiple drug allergy syndrome (MDAS). The pathogenesis of MDAS is still unclear. A possible mechanism is that a nonspecific patient-related factor leading to direct histamine release from mast cells and basophils is involved. We investigated whether a patient-related facilitating factor such as the clinically unapparent presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors may represent a nonspecific mechanism underlying drug-induced histamine release in patients with MDAS. Methods: 38 otherwise healthy adults with a history of acute urticaria following the ingestion of antibacterial drugs [18 subjects with MDAS (patients) and 20 monosensitive subjects (drug-allergic controls) on the basis of both clinical history and single-blind peroral challenges with alternative substances] and 20 subjects without a history of drug allergy (normal controls) underwent an autologous serum skin test (ASST). IgE specific for β-lactams was measured in sera from 25 subjects (11 patients and 14 drug-allergic controls) with a history of amoxicillin intolerance. Sera from 13 patients and 5 drug-allergic controls (all positive on ASST) were used in the in vitro histamine release assay using basophils from 3 normal donors. Results: 17 of 18 patients (94{\%}) versus 8 of 20 drug-allergic controls (40{\%}) showed an unequivocal wheal-and-flare reaction on ASST (p <0.05). Skin reactions were generally more intense in the patient group. In one MDAS patient, the ASST was not assessable due to dermographism. No normal control was positive on ASST. Sera from 3 of 13 patients (23{\%}) versus 0 of 6 drug-allergic controls (not significant) induced significant histamine release from basophils of normal donors. IgE specific for β-lactams was detected in sera from 1 of 11 patients (9{\%}) versus 5 of 14 drug-allergic controls (36{\%}) (not significant). Conclusion: Most patients with MDAS and more than one third of subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to a single antibacterial drug were characterized by the presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors. Such factors might play a role in drug-induced adverse reactions observed in these patients.",
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AU - Tedeschi, Alberto

AU - Lorini, Maurizio

AU - Caldironi, Gianni

AU - Barocci, Fiorella

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Background: A subset of drug-intolerant patients show a marked propensity to react to several chemically unrelated antibacterial drugs. This condition is termed multiple drug allergy syndrome (MDAS). The pathogenesis of MDAS is still unclear. A possible mechanism is that a nonspecific patient-related factor leading to direct histamine release from mast cells and basophils is involved. We investigated whether a patient-related facilitating factor such as the clinically unapparent presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors may represent a nonspecific mechanism underlying drug-induced histamine release in patients with MDAS. Methods: 38 otherwise healthy adults with a history of acute urticaria following the ingestion of antibacterial drugs [18 subjects with MDAS (patients) and 20 monosensitive subjects (drug-allergic controls) on the basis of both clinical history and single-blind peroral challenges with alternative substances] and 20 subjects without a history of drug allergy (normal controls) underwent an autologous serum skin test (ASST). IgE specific for β-lactams was measured in sera from 25 subjects (11 patients and 14 drug-allergic controls) with a history of amoxicillin intolerance. Sera from 13 patients and 5 drug-allergic controls (all positive on ASST) were used in the in vitro histamine release assay using basophils from 3 normal donors. Results: 17 of 18 patients (94%) versus 8 of 20 drug-allergic controls (40%) showed an unequivocal wheal-and-flare reaction on ASST (p <0.05). Skin reactions were generally more intense in the patient group. In one MDAS patient, the ASST was not assessable due to dermographism. No normal control was positive on ASST. Sera from 3 of 13 patients (23%) versus 0 of 6 drug-allergic controls (not significant) induced significant histamine release from basophils of normal donors. IgE specific for β-lactams was detected in sera from 1 of 11 patients (9%) versus 5 of 14 drug-allergic controls (36%) (not significant). Conclusion: Most patients with MDAS and more than one third of subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to a single antibacterial drug were characterized by the presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors. Such factors might play a role in drug-induced adverse reactions observed in these patients.

AB - Background: A subset of drug-intolerant patients show a marked propensity to react to several chemically unrelated antibacterial drugs. This condition is termed multiple drug allergy syndrome (MDAS). The pathogenesis of MDAS is still unclear. A possible mechanism is that a nonspecific patient-related factor leading to direct histamine release from mast cells and basophils is involved. We investigated whether a patient-related facilitating factor such as the clinically unapparent presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors may represent a nonspecific mechanism underlying drug-induced histamine release in patients with MDAS. Methods: 38 otherwise healthy adults with a history of acute urticaria following the ingestion of antibacterial drugs [18 subjects with MDAS (patients) and 20 monosensitive subjects (drug-allergic controls) on the basis of both clinical history and single-blind peroral challenges with alternative substances] and 20 subjects without a history of drug allergy (normal controls) underwent an autologous serum skin test (ASST). IgE specific for β-lactams was measured in sera from 25 subjects (11 patients and 14 drug-allergic controls) with a history of amoxicillin intolerance. Sera from 13 patients and 5 drug-allergic controls (all positive on ASST) were used in the in vitro histamine release assay using basophils from 3 normal donors. Results: 17 of 18 patients (94%) versus 8 of 20 drug-allergic controls (40%) showed an unequivocal wheal-and-flare reaction on ASST (p <0.05). Skin reactions were generally more intense in the patient group. In one MDAS patient, the ASST was not assessable due to dermographism. No normal control was positive on ASST. Sera from 3 of 13 patients (23%) versus 0 of 6 drug-allergic controls (not significant) induced significant histamine release from basophils of normal donors. IgE specific for β-lactams was detected in sera from 1 of 11 patients (9%) versus 5 of 14 drug-allergic controls (36%) (not significant). Conclusion: Most patients with MDAS and more than one third of subjects with a history of hypersensitivity to a single antibacterial drug were characterized by the presence of circulating histamine-releasing factors. Such factors might play a role in drug-induced adverse reactions observed in these patients.

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