Serological analysis of species specificity in the high mobility group chromosomal proteins.

M. Romani, T. C. Rodman, G. Vidali, M. Bustin

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The non-histone chromosomal protein of the high mobility group (HMG-1) present in mouse liver was purified to homogeneity. Antibodies against this protein as well as pure HMG-1 derived from calf thymus and HMG-E purified from duck erythrocytes were elicited in rabbits. The interaction between the antibodies and the immunogens was measured by passive hemoagglutination and by quantitative microcomplement fixation. Quantitative microcomplement fixation assays revealed that the immunological distance between HMG-1 from calf thymus and HMG-1 from mouse liver and duck erythrocytes was 15. This corresponds to 3% sequence differences. It was estimated that amino acid substitution occurred at about seven positions in the polypeptide chain. Thus, HMG-1 proteins display remarkable evolutionary conservation in their primary sequence, similar to that displayed by histones H4 and H3, suggesting that their biological function is dependent on stringent structural requirements. HMG-E protein is significantly different from both HMG-1 and HMG-2 derived from calf thymus. As such, it is a protein unique to avian erythrocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2918-2922
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 25 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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