Serological and genetic factors in early recurrence of IgA nephropathy after renal transplantation

Rosanna Coppo, Alessandro Amore, Monica Chiesa, Federica Lombardo, Paola Cirina, Simeone Andrulli, Patrizia Passerini, Giovanni Conti, Licia Peruzzi, Roberta Giraudi, Maria Messina, Giuseppe Segoloni, Claudio Ponticelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The relative role of IgA anomalies and genetic factors in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) recurrence after transplantation has never been investigated in a single cohort. Methods: Sixty-one transplanted patients who had IgAN as an original disease (30 with biopsy-proved early recurrence, median 2.9 yr post-transplant), and 120 controls, were investigated for aberrantly glycosylated IgA1, IgA binding to mesangial matrix, macromolecular IgA (IgA/fibronectin and uteroglobulin/IgA/fibronectin complexes), and polymorphisms of cytokines [tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), interleukin 10 (IL-10), IL-6, interferon gamma and transforming growth factor beta 1] and renin-angiotensin system (angiotensinogen converting enzyme, angiotensin II receptor 1, and angiotensinogen) genes. Results: At multivariate logistic regression analysis, recurrence showed a border-line association with aberrantly glycosylated IgA1 [odds ratio (OR) 8.172, p = 0.077], and was significantly less frequent in carriers of -308 AG/AA TNF-α "high producer" genotype (OR 0.125, p = 0.036) and -1082, -819, -592 ACC/ATA IL-10 "low producer" (OR 0.038, p = 0.009) genotypes. Conclusion: High levels of aberrantly glycosylated IgA1 do not appear to play a strong crucial role in recurrence of IgAN. Polymorphisms of TNFα and IL-10 known to condition Th1 prevalence were associated with protection from early recurrence of IgAN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-737
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007

Keywords

  • Aberrantly glycosylated IgA
  • Genetic factors
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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