Serum and plasma copy number detection using real-time PCR

Samanta Salvi, Vincenza Conteduca, Filippo Martignano, Giorgia Gurioli, Daniele Calistri, Valentina Casadio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Serum and plasma cell free DNA (cfDNA) has been shown as an informative, non-invasive source of biomarkers for cancer diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring, and prediction of treatment resistance. Starting from the hypothesis that androgen receptor (AR) gene copy number (CN) gain is a frequent event in metastatic castration resistance prostate cancer (mCRPC), we propose to analyze this event in cfDNA as a potential predictive biomarker. We evaluated AR CN in cfDNA using 2 different real-time PCR assays and 2 reference genes (RNaseP and AGO1). DNA amount of 60 ng was used for each assay combination. AR CN gain was confirmed using Digital PCR as a more accurate method. CN variation analysis has already been demonstrated to be informative for the prediction of treatment resistance in the setting of mCRPC, but it could be useful also for other purposes in different patient settings. CN analysis on cfDNA has several advantages: it is non-invasive, rapid and easy to perform, and it starts from a small volume of serum or plasma material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56502
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume2017
Issue number130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2017

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Cancer research
  • Castration-resistant prostate cancer
  • Cell-free dna
  • Copy number
  • Issue 130
  • Plasma
  • Prostate cancer
  • Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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