The spectrum of autoimmune liver diseases (AILD) includes primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis. The immunological mechanisms triggering the initiation and perpetuation of AILD remains unknown, while autoantigens are now recognized in most cases, and are generally nontraditional in their widespread distribution. Sensitive and specific methods for the detection of serum autoantibodies in patients affected by AILD represent a challenge for researchers and clinicians who desire to obtain an early and certain diagnosis as well as markers of disease control. To this regard, the use and interpretation of serum autoantibodies in AILD may be seen as paradigmatic for the large gaps in our knowledge based on the lack of true population-based studies. The present review article will critically discuss the available evidence on the use of autoantibody findings in the diagnosis or management of autoimmune liver disease.
- autoimmune hepatitis
- primary biliary cirrhosis
- primary sclerosing cholangitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas