Serum creatinine levels are significantly influenced by renal size in the normal pediatric population

Giacomo Di Zazzo, Gilda Stringini, Maria Chiara Matteucci, Maurizio Muraca, Saverio Malena, Francesco Emma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and objectives: Clinical and experimental data have shown that differences in nephron endowment result in differences in renal mass and predisposition to chronic renal failure, hypertension, and proteinuria. We hypothesized that a significant proportion of the variance in GFR, as estimated by serum creatinine, is attributable to differences in renal size in normal children. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: A total of 1748 normal renal ultrasounds that were performed in children older than 6 months were reviewed. For each ultrasound, serum creatinine, serum blood urea nitrogen, and systolic and diastolic office BP were recorded. Renal size was evaluated as a function of renal length and thickness. All data were normalized for height, weight, age, and gender. Results: When expressed as SD scores, a significant correlation was found between kidney size and serum creatinine (P <0.0001) and between kidney size and serum blood urea nitrogen (P <0.002). When dividing kidney size data per quintiles, a difference of 0.51 SD score in serum creatinine was observed between the lowest and highest quintile. No significant correlation was found with office BP measurements. Conclusions: These data show that, even in the normal pediatric population, differences in renal function are significantly explained by differences in renal mass. Methodologic limitations of this study are likely to underestimate this relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-113
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation
  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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