Serum leptin concentrations during the menstrual cycle in normal-weight women: Effects of an oral triphasic estrogen-progestin medication

Franca Cella, Giulio Giordano, Renzo Cordera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate in normal-weight premenopausal women the relationship between circulating leptin and serum gonadotropins and gonadal steroids, during both spontaneous and pharmacologically induced menstrual cycles. Design: Clinical longitudinal study. Methods: Two groups of age- matched, normal-weight premenopausal volunteer women (groups I and II) were enrolled in this study. Women in group I were free of any hormonal treatment, while women in group II were taking a triphasic estrogen-progestin contraceptive preparation. Blood samples were collected daily in both groups after an overnight fast throughout a complete menstrual cycle. Results: In the spontaneously cycling women, serum leptin concentration positively correlated with estradiol (P <0.03) and progesterone (P <0.05) and was higher in the luteal than in the follicular phase (P <0.05). However, a significant (P <0.03) short-lasting increase in circulating leptin was present in the late follicular phase of all subjects. In the women using hormonal contraception serum leptin remained unchanged throughout the cycle, along with constantly low values of circulating luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone. Conclusions: In normal-weight premenopausal women serum leptin concentrations differ during the menstrual cycle in line with changes in gonadotropin and gonadal steroid concentrations, increasing in the luteal phase of the cycle after a peri-ovulatory peak. These findings suggest a permissive role for leptin with regard to the functioning of the corpus luteum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Volume142
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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