This study analyzed serum neurofilament light chains (NfL) in 2 European cohorts of 312 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients to investigate whether NfL are biomarkers of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) during natalizumab treatment. The cohort comprised 25 PML, 136 natalizumab-treated, and 151 untreated MS patients. Patients subsequently developing PML had similar NfL to other natalizumab-treated MS patients. At PML onset, NfL were 10-fold higher than in the pre-PML condition and in natalizumab-treated or untreated MS patients, and NfL continued to increase until onset of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. The results suggest that in natalizumab-treated patients, NfL may represent an early and accessible marker of PML. Ann Neurol 2019;85:606–610.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology