Purpos: Acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is a life-threatening vascular emergency with a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis is the key to reducing its mortality rate and improving the quality of life. Although computed tomography (CT) is still the gold standard for acute intestinal disorders, over the last few years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become a useful alternative tool. An animal model of AMI was developed in order to study the effectiveness of MRI in early detection of this condition and to observe lesion evolution. Methods: Thirty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups (n=15): in the first group, after laparotomy, the animals underwent ligation of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), followed by macroscopic monitoring and histological evaluation; in the second, ischaemia was induced by squeezing a loop around the SMA 3 days before evaluation with 7-T micro-MRI. Results: Macroscopically, a refl ex spastic ileus followed by refl ex hypotonic ileus and colour changes in some of the loops were detected. MRI evidenced luminal dilatation with air-fluid levels, free intraperitoneal fluid and bowelwall oedema. Histological analysis confirmed ischaemia and earlier damage involving the central portion of the ileum. Conclusions: This model shows the correct sequence of events during arterial AMI and demonstrates that MRI can be recommended for early diagnosis of these lesions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging