PURPOSE: A two-staged posterior correction, using a temporary magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR), was employed to gradually and safely correct severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The aim of the study is illustrating the results of this procedure.
METHODS: A retrospective review of a consecutive series of 17 severe AIS. The first surgery was a posterior release (multiple Ponte osteotomies) with implant of pedicle screws and MCGR on the concave side of the curve. In post-operative days, a distraction was applied with MCGR, which allowed to obtain a total mean lengthening of 2 cm in about 2 weeks, with no complications arising. In the second posterior surgery, MCGR was removed and the definitive rods were applied for final fusion. The mean pedicle screws density was 93.3% (85-100). The extension of the final posterior fusion-instrumentation was of 13.8 levels (12-15).
RESULTS: At an average follow-up (FU) of 2.9 years, the main scoliosis curves from average pre-operative Cobb angle of 98.2° (91°-138°) bent down to 38.3° (35°-76°) after definitive fusion (p < 0.05); at last FU, the overall correction was 58.7% (50.4-71.2), with an average correction loss of 2.1° (1.5°-3.1°). At last FU, no complications were reported.
CONCLUSIONS: Gradual traction with MCGR in severe AIS proved to be a safe method to achieve progressive curve correction before posterior final fusion, with no neurologic complications associated to more aggressive one-stage surgeries. In a staged approach, MCGR appears as an alternative to halo traction, avoiding frequent traction-related complications.
- Severe adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
- Staged posterior correction
- Magnetically controlled growing rod
- Ponte osteotomy