Severe and isolated headache associated with hypertension as unique clinical presentation of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

Gregorio P. Milani, Alberto Edefonti, Giacomo Tardini, Elisa Arturi, Claudia M. Cinnante, Emanuela A. Laicini, Ernesto Leva, Alberto M. Cappellari, Carlo Agostoni, Emilio F. Fossali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a potentially reversible clinicoradiologic syndrome characterized by headache, mental confusion, visual disturbances and seizures associated with posterior cerebral lesions on radiological imaging. Prompt treatment of this condition is mandatory to avoid severe irreversible complications.Case presentation: We report a 9-year-old boy with arterial hypertension and headache as unique clinical presentation of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.Conclusions: Severe and isolated headache associated with arterial hypertension can be the unique clinical presentation of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. This syndrome must be considered even in absence of all typical symptoms to prevent the progression of a potentially life threatening condition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number190
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2014

Keywords

  • Arterial hypertension
  • Headache
  • Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

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