An 11-month-old girl with B-cell leukemia/lymphoma developed profound lethargy due to severe lactic acidosis during chemotherapy and total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Initial treatment with NaHCO3 was ineffective. Treatment with a vitamin cocktail (OH-cobalamin, pyridoxine, thiamine, riboflavine, biotin, carnitine) at pharmacologic doses rapidly improved the child's clinical and laboratory status. Lactic acidosis was caused by an impairment of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, which was due to lack of its necessary cofactor thiamine in the TPN. This case report indicates that lactic acidosis may be a front-line diagnosis in patients on TPN with lethargy and outlines the need for monitoring thiamine supply in TPN.
- High-dose methotrexate therapy
- Lactic acidosis
- Thiamine deficiency
- Total parenteral nutrition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health